Gold: Its Recent Breakout and Long-Term Bull Market

Gold’s trajectory in 2024 has been nothing short of remarkable, with recent developments signalling a potential shift in its long-term journey. After meandering within a perplexing trading range from mid-2020 until now, gold has broken free, igniting a surge of interest among seasoned investors and novices alike. This breakout, has reignited discussions around the precious metal's enduring bull market. But what factors are fuelling this resurgence, and what can buyers expect in the years ahead?


1. Understanding the Technical Landscape

To understand gold's journey, one must zoom out and assess the broader technical landscape. Over the past quarter-century, gold has consistently exhibited an upward trajectory, characterised by higher highs and higher lows, indicative of a long-term uptrend. Crucially, gold has adhered to a clear upward trend line for much of its two-decade-long bull market, a trend that typically remains intact as long as it holds above this line. The recent breakthrough above $2,350, accompanied by robust trading volume, lends credence to the notion that gold's bullish momentum remains robust.


2. The Impact of Fiat Currency Debasement

A driver of gold's sustained bull market is the debasement of fiat currencies. Since the dissolution of the gold standard in 1971, major currencies worldwide have transitioned to fiat currencies, untethered from tangible assets like gold. This shift has precipitated a surge in global money supply, eroding the purchasing power of fiat currencies through inflation. Against this backdrop, gold has emerged as a preferred hedge against currency debasement, offering stability and preservation of wealth amid economic uncertainty.

The COVID-19 pandemic, with its unprecedented fiscal and monetary stimulus measures, exacerbated existing concerns over currency devaluation. Central banks globally injected trillions of dollars into the economy, propelling the money supply to unprecedented levels. In contrast, gold's finite supply and intrinsic value positioned it as a compelling alternative to volatile fiat currencies.


3. The U.S. Dollar's Diminishing Purchasing Power

The decline in the purchasing power of the U.S. dollar underscores the appeal of gold as a store of value. Over the past two decades, the dollar's purchasing power has eroded by nearly 50%, a trend worsened by expansive monetary policies and mounting national debt. With annual interest payments on the national debt surpassing $1 trillion, concerns over fiscal sustainability loom large, driving demand for tangible assets like gold.


4. Escalating National Debt

National debt has further fuelled gold's long-term bull market. Fuelled by protracted conflicts, fiscal stimulus, and economic downturns, the national debt has skyrocketed, raising concerns over fiscal stability and economic resilience. Amid mounting debt obligations and escalating interest rates, investors seek refuge in gold, anticipating heightened inflationary pressures and currency depreciation.


Charting the Course Ahead

While recent events have reignited interest in gold, its long-term trajectory remains intrinsically tied to broader macroeconomic trends and geopolitical developments. As investors navigate the treacherous waters ahead, physical gold and silver emerge as compelling considerations for wealth preservation and portfolio diversification.


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